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如何提高建筑方案设计的能力

  The architectural scheme design is the theme and content of the building designed before the project, so it is particularly important. How to improve the ability of architectural scheme design? The editor specially summarized several points for this?

  1、 Introduction to architectural scheme design

  Architectural scheme design refers to the process of establishing project design theme, project composition, content and form according to project requirements and given conditions before the implementation of construction project. Architectural scheme design mainly uses technical Eagle I paper such as plan, elevation, section and necessary details as expression mode, and does not focus on architectural painting skills

  2、 Methods to improve design capability

  1. The cultivation of conception:

  (1) Creative thinking:

  ① Space imagination: training method -- meditative sketch: make up a place in your mind, such as a coffee shop or a small basketball court by the river in the park, and sketch it for about 15 minutes. The key is to train yourself to see clearly the image in Chu's mind. The details are rich, which shows that the spatial imagination is growing, Practice once a week

  ② Abstract thinking power: training method -- space Origami: use origami, light and shadow to create a reduced version of space. After each creation, use photography to record the work

  (2) Inductive thinking:

  ① Information analysis: training methods -- Campus research: research and analyze the buildings of your school and draw the information map of the whole campus. The so-called information map is not a geographic map, but the collection and arrangement of certain specific information. For example, analyze the functional relationship of various parts of the library or auditorium, draw the function of these spaces, explain the bubble diagram, and form their own conclusions and training focus-- Learn to read the buildings around you. Every building is a teacher. Analyze them and live in them. You can feel the feeling of building space. It is suggested that at least one building should be built around one semester

  ② System summary ability: it is not easy to judge the merits and demerits of things, and try to summarize them from a more comprehensive perspective. I didn't think of a good training method. Generally, the best training method is to give a lecture to others. It is suggested that after building a skill, you can train yourself by teaching others in the Department

  (3) Problem solving and deduction: many seemingly difficult things are because we haven't broken them down into some relatively simple things. When we encounter any problems, we should first think about whether we can solve them in multiple steps. This requires that this person can grasp the essence of the matter and the operation logic of the matter. This ability is very important to designers. We will encounter various problems in the future, In principle, as long as we don't deliberately avoid any problems and actively solve them, this ability will be imperceptibly formed

  2. Training of expression ability:

  (4) Self expression:

  ① Recording of instant ideas: recording your ideas in a variety of ways: sketching records images, bubble charts recording relationships, mind mapping recording logic, flow chart recording process The more thinking tools you have, the more mature your thinking will be

  ② Record of the long creation process: This is the practice of general large design courses. All the plans are created in a long recording process. In this process, the more sound and scientific the recording method is, the more ideal the works can be realized. Each big design is an opportunity to hone this. In the first year, Su is recommended as the leading, If you can master a kind of Su before sophomore year, the whole university will be able to draw a level of peers

  (5) Design expression:

  ① Language expression:

  1) Express your work clearly: it is an important training to be willing to share one's own works, speak ideas and speak to others. If you don't have a chance in daily class, it is suggested to open your own blog to express your design ideas in the form of words. Only when a creation is understood by others can it be really finished. In this respect, we are very different from artists. Architects should understand art, But you can't play with the artist's personality

  2) Team work ability: team work, regardless of the division of labor, actively cooperate and communicate with each other. The focus of training in this process is to cooperate with different people. Because in the future, social work is not only to create with people who cooperate with you, but also more resources come from what those who don't cooperate with you can help you

  ② Expression: pictures are the language of designers. As long as you can express the information with pictures, don't use words to empty talk

  (6) Critical thinking ability:

  ① Self denial ability: design is a repeated process, often denying your work. If it doesn't make you want to keep it forever, it means you can do it better

  ② The ability to learn from each other: when looking at other people's works, only analyze the advantages. After all, what you do is just an attempt. Different people have different ways, which can help you see more possibilities

  (7) Focus on explosive force: some creative inspiration comes from brainstorming. On small design topics, try to do four if you want to do two. This training method is also from abroad. Sometimes in China, only one is required, but foreigners are willing to ask for nine. By increasing the amount of thinking load, students' brain ability can be improved

  (8) Persistence: when encountering a really challenging problem, try to think selflessly for more than 8 hours. Many design problems need to load multiple information streams in the brain at the same time before you have a chance to clear your mind, From the perspective of Western teaching style, sketch is actually quite perseverance, so freshmen can draw more

  建筑方案设计实在项目之前设计的建筑的主题、内容等等,因此显得格外重要,那么该如何提高自己建筑方案设计能力呢?小编特意为此总结了几点?

  一、建筑方案设计介绍

  建筑方案设计是指在建筑项目实施之前,根据项目要求和所给定的条件确立的项目设计主题、项目构成、内容和形式的过程.建筑方案设计主要以平面图、立面图、剖面图及必要详图等技术性鹰I纸作为表达方式,不着重于建筑绘画技巧.

  二、提高设计能力的方法

  1、构思的养成:

  (1)创造性思维:

  ①空间想象力:训练方式 -- 冥想式速写:在脑海力虚构一个场所,比如想象一个咖啡厅、公园河边一个小篮球场,对其进行15分钟左右的速写表达训练重点 -- 画的好坏不重要,关键是要训练自己看清楚脑海中的图像,细节约丰富,说明空间想象力在成长.建议日积月累,每周可以练一次.

  ②抽象思维力:训练方式 -- 空间折纸:用折纸、光影去营造一个缩小版的空间场所.每次创作后用摄影记录成作品.

  (2)归纳性思维:

  ①信息分析力:训练方式 -- 校园调研:对自己学校的各个建筑进行调研分析,绘制全整个校区的信息地图,所谓信息地图不是地理地图,而是某种特定信息的采集整理.比如分析下图书馆或礼堂的各部分功能关系,绘制这些空间的功能说明泡泡图,形成自己的结论.训练重点 -- 学习阅读身边的建筑,每一栋楼都是一位老师,分析他们并生活学习在其中,可以模糊的感受到建筑空间给人带来的感觉.建议至少一学期一栋身边建筑.

  ②体系总结力:看待事物不轻易评判其优劣,多尝试从更全面的角度来总结.没有想到太好的训练方法,一般最好的训练方式就是给人讲课,讲什么都行,建议建通一门技能之后可以在系里通过教授他人的方式来训练自己.

  (3)解题推演力:很多看似很难的事情是因为我们没有把它拆解成若干相对简单的事情.遇到任何难题,先思考能不能用多步骤将其化解,这需要这个人能抓住事情的本质重心,以及事情的运作逻辑.这个能力对设计师很重要,未来我们遇到的各种难题,都是在考验我们能将其缓解的能力.原则上只要大学期间不故意回避任何难题,积极的将其解决,这个能力会潜移默化的形成.

  2、表达能力的训练:

  (4)自我表达:

  ①瞬间构思的记录:用多种方式记录自己的想法:草图记录形象、泡泡图记录关系、思维导图记录逻辑、流程图记录过程……掌握的构思工具越多越容易刺激思维的成熟.

  ②漫长创作过程的记录:一般学习的大设计课程练习的就是这个.所有的方案都是在一个漫长的记录过程中被创作出来的.在这个过程中记录的方式越健全,越科学,那么最终能实现出来的作品就越理想.每次大设计都是一次磨练这个的机会.第一年还是推荐SU为主导,需要题目我可以给你提供.如果大二前能把一种SU练到高手,整个大学就能拉开同龄人一个级别.

  (5)设计表达:

  ① 语言表达:

  1)清晰表达自己所作:乐于分享自己的作品,讲思想讲个别人是一种重要的训练.如果日常课堂没有机会,建议开设自己的博客,把设计思想用文字的形式表达出来.一种创作只有被其他人理解了,它才是真的做完了.这点上我们和艺术家很不同.建筑师要懂艺术,但不能耍艺术家的个性.

  2)团队协作能力:团队协作,不管自己的分工如何,要积极的和对方配合交流.这过程训练的重点是和不同的人合作.因为未来社会工作不仅是和配合你的人一起创作,更大的资源来自于那些不配合你的人能帮你做什么.

  ②表达:图就是设计师的语言.只要能用图表达出来的信息,都不要用话去空讲.第三大部分是关于心力的养成:

  (6)批判性思维能力:

  ①自我否定能力:设计是一个反复的过程,经常否定自己的作品,如果它没有让你希望永久的保存下来,那就说明你还能把它做的更好.

  ②取长补短的能力:看待他人作品时,只分析优点.毕竟自己做的东西只是一次尝试,不同人不同路,可以辅助自己看到更多的可能性.

  (7)集中爆发力:一些创作灵感来自于头脑风暴,在小设计题目上,要求做2种就尝试做4种,这个训练法也是来自于国外,国内有时候只求做1种,但是老外愿意要求9种,通过增大思维负荷量,提升学生的用脑能力.

  (8)持久力:在遇到一个真正有挑战的难题时,尝试持续8小时以上忘我的思考其解决方案.很多设计难题是需要在大脑中同时加载多条信息流之后才能有机会理清头绪的.往往持续思考可以让你拨开云雾看到彩虹.越是搞不清楚的时候,越说明这个难题的破解之法有其别人得不到的价值.从西方教学体看,素描其实还是挺培养人毅力的,所以大一有这样课可以多画.

  以上就是小编"如何提高建筑方案设计的能力"的了解,希望可以帮到你.


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